Technical Data Sheet & Installation Guide

Download the full technical specifications and installation guide for complete details and diagrams.

Basic Use

Stonepark products are intended for interior or exterior use and can be applied to virtually any surface. These products are suitable for residential and commercial projects of many types. Our veneer stones will not require brick ledges or structural footing support.

Limitations

Stonepark products should not be used below water level for example as swimming pool liners. Chlorine and other chemicals may discolour the product. As well it is not recommended as paving application.

Determine the Area

To begin you need to determine how much product you need. Measure the area you want to cover; the calculations should be exact with 10% for waste and cut offs. To get the total area of a surface you must measure the length and the width then multiply. If you have any openings like doors and windows, do the same and subtract it from your previous total. Measure the linear feet of outside corners to determine the amount of corner pieces needed. Then take that number and multiply it by .75 which will approximately equal the area the corners will cover. Then you will subtract that from your previous total. Keep in mind that each stone covers area differently for both corners and flat, as well as the space you use for mortar joints, may change the quantity of Stonepark products you may need.

  • Length x Width = Total Area SQFT
  • Door/Window length x Door/Window width = Openings Area SQFT
  • Total Wall Area – Openings Area = Total SQFT
  • Linear Feet of Corners Required x .75 = Wall Area Covered by Corners (WACC) in SQFT
  • Total SQFT – WACC = Net SQFT of flats required

Tools

  • Diamond blade
  • Safety glasses
  • Polymer modified cement
  • Trowel
  • Mortar cement (If mortar joints applicable)
  • Bristle brush
  • Mortar colouring (If required)

Terminology

  • Sheathing Board:
    Material used in commercial or residential construction to form a foundation/building structural frame.

  • Air/Water Barrier:
    There are different types of air/water barriers served for the same purpose it is to water proof materials.

  • Rain Screen System:
    Material that is placed on the air barrier which allows drainage and evaporation.

  • Continuous Insulation:
    Material that is used to keep heat from escaping. Such as EPS/Mineral wall.

  • Galvanized Lath:
    To hold the materials in place to the sheeting an make the bond stronger.

  • Mortar Scratch Coat:
    A thin mortar layer to help the Stonepark product bond more effectively.

  • Mortar Joints:
    To fill the spacing between Stonepark stones and bricks which is made up of non-polyester cement if applicable. Tinting mortar complements the colour of the stone being installed. This will greatly enhance the appearance of the finished installation. Regular mortars can be tinted to complement products using iron oxide pigments.

Installation Steps

  • PREPARATION WORK
    First spread out Stonepark products at the job site so there is a good variety of sizes, shapes, and colours to choose from. Plan some variety and contrast in the overall design. Use small stones next to large ones, heavy-textured pieces next to smooth and thick stones next to thinner ones. Mixing products from different pallets during application will allow a desirable balance of individual stones on the finished project.
  • APPLY STONE
    Once the preparation work is completed, you must apply your polymer modified cement on the sides on your stone, doing this discourages water to get in behind the stone, this also makes it easier to install on your surface because it will create a vacuum effect to hold the stone in place. Press the stone firmly into place with a gentle wiggling motion, to promote bonding. Never tap the stone into place, as it could break the bond of previously laid stone. Polymer modified mortar should be applied to the stone and substrate to provide a complete coverage to ensure a strong bond and to prevent water, also help prevent freeze/thaw issues. Always install corner stones first, then apply remaining stones by working from the bottom up or top down, be extra careful to keep your lines straight and level and to check every few rows up. You should leave a 4” space from the ground.
  • MORTAR JOINTS
    When mortar joints are firm but not completely dry, use a wooden or metal striking tool and remove excess mortar. At the same time, firmly press mortar into the joints so edges are thoroughly sealed. Using a whisk broom, brush mortar joints until smooth and all loose mortar has been brushed away. Brush off any loose mortar on face of stones. Never let mortar set overnight before brushing joints.
  • CONTROL JOINTS
    The control joint must be waterproofed to protect the material under from water seeping through. Stonepark stone should be overlapping the joints from both sides as this allows air to get in and moisture to drain accordingly.
  • WEATHER CONDITIONS
    We recommend installing Stonepark London products in temperatures between 4 °C and 34 °C. Anything below 4 °C and your cement will freeze preventing the stone from bonding properly. Temperatures above 34 °C cause the cement to dry out quickly. When applicable it is better to apply cement in shady areas. Store cement in a cool area, add cold water into the mixture to keep it cool, as well as when applied to your surface be sure to check and keep a spray bottle to keep it moist.
  • COMPLETION
    Clean any remaining mortar off stones with a dry brush. Blow away any dust left from cutting with a diamond blade and use a damp sponge to wipe clean. The dust may stain on some stones.
  • MAINTENANCE
    Like natural stone, manufactured stone requires little maintenance. Exterior applications where excessive dust or dirt accumulates should be washed down with water occasionally. An annual inspection is recommended.
  • CLEANING
    Use detergent and water with a soft bristle brush. Do not use a wire brush; it will damage the face of the stone. Rinse immediately with fresh water. Do not use acid-based products on the stones.
  • EFFLORESCENCE
    Efflorescence is when salt surfaces to the face of the stone forming a coating. This is an indication that there is excessive moisture in the wall or can be caused by de-icing chemicals. You can remove this deposit with a bristle brush. However, here at Stonepark we use a chemical that helps reduce efflorescence from occurring.
  • SEALERS
    Sealers are recommended if you are installing near wet areas such as kitchens, bathrooms and pools. They are not required for installation with dry surfaces. Be aware that sealers will change the look of Stonepark products depending on the type of sealer you use.

Warranty

Stonepark London provides a 50-year warranty on all our stones and bricks from purchase date. The warranty does not include reimbursement of any labour charges.

 

The warranty also does not cover damage caused by the following:

  • Improper Installation
  • Structure Settlement
  • Wall Movement
  • Surface Discolouration due to air pollution or airborne contaminants
  • Contact with harmful chemicals
  • Misuse or Abuse
  • Natural Disasters
  • Staining or Oxidation
  • Paint
  • Normal Weathering (such as extreme weather conditions, overtime sun exposure)